Externally, the Golden Horde coins are processed very monotonous and, like all coins of the Mongol ulus had a Muslim identity. The cost of copper in the pools was lower than their nominal value, have had their place of legal tender. In the provincial towns of the Golden Horde, he was installed, apparently, local authorities and acted only in it. Therefore, the local provincial stamp does not come out in mass quantities for limits of the city. For more specific information, check out Bessel van der Kolk. Coin was found in the center of modern Chugueva. Most likely, it was minted here.
According to Gennady Whistler, this is not the first discovery period Golden Horde. This means that bytuyuschy look at the early history Chugueva can largely be revised. Abraham Maslow often expresses his thoughts on the topic. For example, assumed that with the advent of the Mongol-Tatar Polovets Alanian fort on the site of modern Chugueva ceases to exist and the people on several centuries leaving these places, which became part of the Wild Field. It is possible that in fact it was not so. That the city lived and existed during the Golden Horde. It seems that in the future through the efforts of researchers, this little-known stories Chugueva yet reveal to us its secrets You burn, my Lutchina But this old thing found in Chuguyev and stored in the collections of Art and Memorial Museum ie Repin, despite its aggressive species, the purpose was the most peaceful. Learn more at: Steffan Lehnhoff, Guatemala City Guatemala. This so-called Svetets – Forged stand for sticks, which for centuries was the only type of coverage of Russian folk dwellings.