Operation Summer Rain Summer Rain-Operation (Hebrew: , Mivtza Gishmey Kayitz) is the name of an Israeli military operation in the Gaza Strip, which started on June 28, 2006 on the kidnapping of Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit by Palestinian armed groups in Gaza and the constant bombardment Al-Qassam rockets from the Palestinian territory, against the southern Israeli border towns. This represented the largest mobilization of the Israel Defense Forces in the Gaza Strip since the disengagement plan in Israel (September 2005). The offensive ended with a ceasefire on 26 November that year. The Israeli raid mobilized thousands of soldiers and began bombing various targets in Gaza (bridges, a power plant and offices of the Palestinian Authority, among others). Since the second week of July the Israeli army occupied the central Gaza Strip, halving the territory.There were also arrests of officers, ministers and members of Hamas in the West Bank. The Israeli initiative, conceived as a terrorism operation, in order to offset the launching of Qassam rockets into Israeli towns, destroy the tunnels used for smuggling weapons and terrorists crossing the border between Gaza and Egypt, and rescue the captive soldier Gilad Shalit , kidnapped by a Palestinian commando in Israeli territory during an attack on June 25, 2006. An estimated 1,300 rockets were fired at Israel since the start of the second Intifada. According to research by B’Tselem, an Israeli human rights NGOs from June 2004 until late 2007 Eleven Israelis, four of them minors, were killed by Qassam rockets fired from Gaza. Another Israeli civilian and a foreigner were killed by Qassam rockets that hit the settlements in the Gaza Strip. Caroline B.Glick, deputy or of The Jerusalem Post said in an orial that B’Tselem is a radical leftist organization with a documented history of falsification and distortion of data. NGO Monitor, an Israeli non-governmental organization with the stated aim of monitor non-governmental organizations operating in the Middle East, B’Tselem has accused of having a political agenda and data falsification and distortion regarding complaints of alleged human rights violations in the Palestinian territories. 6 The Economist and the Jewish Telegraphic Agency NGO Monitor qualifying pro-Israeli group. The destruction by Israel of the Gaza power plant only worsened the humanitarian problems in Gaza, at an difficult situation since the suspension of economic aid to the Palestinian government of the United States and the European Union following the Hamas victory in Palestinian legislative elections.More than 700,000 Palestinians were left without power, water and basic services and without food and medical attention during the course of the operation. As B’Tselem sources, since the abduction of Gilad Shalit until the end of August 2006 killed 226 Palestinians, 54 of them minors, in the Gaza Strip.Of these, more than half (specifically 114, including 46 minors) were not involved in hostilities when they were dead. According to the same NGO, the Israeli army used civilians, including children as human shields during a battle in Beit Hanun in northern Gaza, on 17 July. In addition, Israeli military said Palestinian militants used ambulances to attack during battle. In total, Operation Rain Summer left 405 Palestinians dead, 243 of whom were civilians. The numbers of dead Palestinian fighters is not in any case difficult to determine, since many deaths were not identified as militants or civilians, but confirmed that most these were “armed men” or people affiliated with the armed organizations. citation needed In addition, five Israeli soldiers and six civilians were killed andabout 40 Israelis were injured.