Relationship with anthropology anthropology and medicine are associated (creating a discipline that in some countries is known as “medical anthropology”) to study and understand the ancient and modern forms of healing in communities that do not necessarily follow as established by the Western-based medicine knowledge and institutionalized. We study, for example, in this discipline the use and consumption of many different plants (both considered medicinal plants, like many others whose beneficial effects on health have not yet been analyzed in depth), which is derived from knowledge of the so – herbal medicine (including, for example, the use of essential oils and seeds for various ailments). It discusses also the influences of various uses and customs of communities for decision making regarding the improvement of health and prevention and treatment of disease.We estimated, based on research by experts in this field, knowledge of women (experts, too) dedicated to midwifery, the healing, quackery (hence called, themselves, “midwife” ” healing “and” healers “, respectively). It even includes considerations about the contributions of these women as witches, especially as regards the so-called “white magic”. It assesses the achievements, especially in recent years by the so-called “holistic medicine”, which incorporates popular and community knowledge to Western medicine, knowledge underestimated by the medical establishment (so-called “hegemonic medicine”). Minorities insist on calling to medicine “Human-Oriented Veterinary. Medical anthropology and is also associated with the analysis of the historical development of health sciences (see paragraph about the history of medicine).