End of barefoot doctors in China Two-thirds of rural doctors currently practicing in rural areas of China began his training as barefoot doctors. This includes Chen Zhu, the current health minister, who made his practice as a barefoot doctor five years before receiving additional training. The system of barefoot doctors was banned in 1981 when communal systems is over-agricultural cooperatives. The new economic policy promoted a shift in China from collectivism to individual production for each family member. This change caused a privatization of the medical system, who could not keep the barefoot doctors. They were given the option barefoot doctors so they could take the national exam, if they passed the test would become doctors of the people but approved physician assistant would become the village.The doctors of the town began to charge their patients for their services, and due to financial incentives, they began to change their approach to treating chronic conditions rather than preventive treatment. For the year 1984, RCMS peoples coverage fell from 90 to 4.8 . In 1989 the Chinese government tried to restore a cooperative medical care system in rural provinces through the launch of a primary health care program. 2 This effort will increase coverage to 10 in 1993. In 1994 the government established “The Program” which was an effort to restore primary care coverage to the rural population. In 2003 the Chinese government proposed a new cooperative system that is operated and funded by the government. This program is carried out as an insurance program. Le pays 10 Renmibi a year to each person covered by the program, and securing major diseases . This program is based on lessons learned from the times of the doctorsbarefoot, but faces many challenges in providing sufficient care about the cost of production for the rural population of China.