SOLID WASTE AND CLASSIFICATION

SOLID WASTE THAT IS Material that is not a utility or economic value to the owner, the owner thus becomes a generator of waste. From the point of view the most complicated legislation regarding waste management, is that it is inherently a subjective term, which depends on the point of view of the actors involved (essentially generator and watchdog) The waste can be classified in several ways, both by state, home or property CLASSIFICATION BY STATE: A residue is defined by the physical state as he finds it.There are therefore three types of waste from this point of view of solid, liquid and gaseous, it is important to note that the actual extent of this classification can be determined in purely descriptive or, as is done in practice, in the form of associated management For example a drum of used oil and is considered waste, is intrinsically a liquid, but their management will be as strong as it is transported by truck and not by a hydraulic drive system. In general waste can also be characterized by their composition characteristics and generation. CLASSIFICATION BY SOURCE: Waste can be defined by the activity in which it occurred, it is essentially a sector classification. This definition does not limit the practice in the level of detail that you can reach it. MAJOR TYPE OF WASTE: ——- Municipal waste: The generation of municipal waste varies according to cultural factors associated with income levels, consumption patterns, technological development and quality standards of living of the population. The sectors with the highest incomes per capita rise to higher volumes of waste and this waste has a higher added value than those from poorer segments of the population. ——- Industrial waste: The amount of waste generated by industry is a function of the technology of the production process, quality of raw materials or intermediate products, physical and chemical properties of the used auxiliary materials, fuels used and the packaging process. Waste ——- miners: Include mining waste materials are removed to gain access to minerals and all waste from the mining process.Currently, the copper industry is engaged in the implementation of appropriate management of such waste, which is expected in the near future to have proper statistics. ——- Medical Waste: Currently the management of hospital waste is not the most appropriate in the absence of clear regulations in this regard. The management of this waste is carried out at the generator and not under a decentralized system. At the level of hospital wastes are usually sterile. The composition of hospital waste residue ranges from residential and commercial medical waste containing such hazardous substances. Medical waste is defined as one that is composed of waste that is generated as a result of: a) Treatment, diagnosis or immunization of humans or animals b) Research leading to the production or testing of medical preparations made from living organisms and their products CLASSIFICATION BY TYPE OF OPERATION: It can be classified as waste because they are somehow associated with handling characteristics that must be done: From this point of view you can define three main groups: a) Hazardous waste: waste are by their nature are inherently hazardous to handle and / or dispose of and can cause death, disease, or that are dangerous to health or the environment when handled improperly. b) Inert Waste: Waste stable over time, which will not cause significant environmental effects to the environment interact. c) non-hazardous waste: None of the above SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT The set of procedures and policies that comprise the system of solid waste management.